In Dentistry, restorative surgeries and care are used to fix or lessen the effects of disease and look of a person’s teeth or overall mouth. While this does not always solve the problems, it does help to lessen harmful effects and get a person’s smile back to where they want it.

Bonded Bridge

A bonded bridge is used when a patient has a missing tooth, or teeth, that need to be corrected. This is a cheaper option and is usually quicker than other restorative options like implants or using a porcelain bridge. Bonded bridges are made up of resin teeth that have crowns on both sides, to go over the teeth on both sides of the bridge. It is usually used for the front of the mouth, as the biting forces are not as strong in the front of the mouth.

The process is simple; a dentist takes a little off the teeth on each side of the missing tooth, or teeth. They then create a mold of the gap. Then they send that off to a lab, where a bonded bridge is created from the mold. Then the dentist will attach it in the gap and adjust accordingly. The procedure is quick and painless, and is a much cheaper option than other types of bridges and implants. Bridges can be both removable and fixed. Most dentists feel it is better to get fixed bridges, which will be explained later.

Crown Aesthetics

Crown aesthetics have to do with the look of your smile after a restorative procedure has been implemented. This is an important part of the planning stage, when deciding how to fix a person’s smile. There are many different types of crowns and procedures that will give off a different look, which could overall change the look of the smile. Many dentists agree that ceramic or porcelain crown usually give off the best aesthetic, due to the natural look of other teeth.

Cosmetic dentists are usually the ones who discuss and study crown aesthetics. These dentists are used to help a patient plan the perfect smile, and will help take them through the different steps to get them there. There are many options and cosmetic dentists are specialists and extremely knowledgeable of their craft. They make beautiful smiles for a living, so crown aesthetics are an important part of their repertoire. If a patient is wondering what options they have to fix a missing tooth or teeth, a cosmetic dentist is the best place to go to take care of all of their aesthetic crown needs.

Crown Procedure

A crown is a type of cap that is placed on a tooth in order to cover it and improve its aesthetic. Crowns are used to protect weak teeth, repair cracked teeth, restore broken teeth, to cover fillings, hold dental bridges in place, cover discoloration, cover dental implants and to make cosmetic modifications.

There are many different types of crowns and they range in all sorts of material. Some examples are stainless steel, metal crowns, porcelain-fused metal, resin, ceramic, porcelain, and milled crowns, among others. Crowns can also be used just for temporary purposes, or they can be attached permanently.

The process for attaching a crown is as follows. The Dentist will first numb the tooth and surrounding area. Then they will file the tooth to create space for the crown. The amount that is filed varies on the type of crown being attached. If there is not much of the tooth left, a dentist will use filling to support the crown.

The Dentist will then use paste or putty and make an impression on the tooth. This is to ensure that nothing in the procedure will change a patient’s bite. These impressions are then sent off to a lab, where a crown is created. The Dentist will attach a temporary crown until the actual crown comes in and can be attached. This is the usual procedure for permanent crowns.

Fixed Bridge

Fixed bridges usually consist of teeth made from porcelain, and is used to fix missing teeth. While this option is more expensive than bonded bridges, the porcelain material is sturdier and is more likely to look like an actual tooth. Dentists agree that porcelain material is strong in its capacity to form similar material to the original teeth, and in matching the function of the previous teeth. Fixed bridges tend to last longer than veneers, crowns, or other types of restorative procedures, but it comes at a priced. Fixed bridges, especially those using porcelain are more expensive than other restorative options.

Fixed bridges are important to maintain because the process for replacement is costly and time consuming. A new mold must be made and then a replacement must be created. To maintain a fixed bridge patients must brush and floss like they would normal teeth. A follow up appointment is usually scheduled soon after the procedure so the dentist can check the bridge.

Types of Crowns

As discussed above there are many different types of crowns made up of different types of materials. Some of the options are stainless steel, metal crowns, porcelain-fused metal, resin, ceramic, porcelain, and milled crowns, among others.

Stainless steel crowns are usually used for temporary purposes, while the actual crown is being created in the lab. These crowns protect the tooth from worsening damage and decay. They are usually used for children, because these types of crowns usually require a single visit, while other types of crowns can take multiple visits.

Metal crowns include gold and other alloys. With these types of crowns less of the tooth need to be removed. Resin crowns are cheaper than other types of crowns but they are not as sturdy as others. Ceramic and porcelain crowns provide the color that is most similar to actual teeth. They are usually used for front teeth, and for people with metal allergies. Milled crowns require no impressions and are digitally created in offices that have the technology to produce them.

Types of fillings

There are many different types of material used for dental fillings. These included but are not limited to gold, porcelain, silver amalgam, resin, glass ionomer, and sometimes tooth colored plastic. Most patients get either gold, silver amalgam or tooth colored fillings. The pros and cons are as follows:

Gold fillings do not corrode and can last over 10 years. Many patients agree that gold fillings have a better aesthetic quality than silver amalgam, but gold fillings are more costly. Usually the procedure requires two different visits.

Silver amalgam fillings are made up of a mixture containing mercury, silver, tin, zinc and copper. They can also last over 10 years. They are less expensive than the tooth colored fillings, but do not match the color of a patient’s teeth and therefore have a lesser aesthetic quality. More of the tooth must be removed to make space for these types of fillings. They can also cause more severe fractures of the teeth.

Tooth colored fillings have the best aesthetic quality because they look similar to a patient’s actual teeth. They are usually used for front teeth. They also bond to the tooth itself, creating better support than other types of fillings. They have multiple uses including repairing broken, chipped or fractured teeth.

There are many factors that go into the decision of what types of filling to use. These include, but are not limited to, the amount of damage or decay, cost, insurance, and the advice of a patient’s dentist.